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BYZANTINE PERIOD. 555
Latin version is said to be better than Wolf's. The edition of Kttster appeared at Gam-bridge, 1705, 3 vols. folio. The basis of this edition is not the -editio princeps, but that of Portus. Kiister corrected the text with the aid of the MSS., added numerous good notes, and improved the version of Portus. But he dealt with the Greek text rather in an arbitrary way, and rejected all that he considered to be interpolated. The edition of Suidas by Gaisford, in three handsome volumes, folio, appeared at Oxford in 1834. The first two volumes contain the text, without a Latin version, and the notes, which are chiefly selected from Kiister and others. The third volume contains Index Kusterianus Rerum et NominuM Propriorum quce extra seriem suam in Suidce Lexico occurrunt; Index Glossarum Personarum Verborumque notatu digniorum', and Index Scriptorum a Suida citatorum. In his preface Gaisford states that he used nearly the same MSS. as Ktister, but that Kiister was careless in noting the readings of the MSS. Gaisford has given the various readings of the best MSS., and those of the edition of Chalcondylas. The edition of Bernhardy, Halle, 1834-50, 4to (not yet complete), contains a Latin version, and notes. It is founded on the edition of Gaisford.
WRITERS ON DIALECT.
IX. gregorius (or georgius) CoRiNTHus,1 more correctly gregorius (or georgius) pardus, was archbishop of Corinth, whence the name given him in some MSS. of Corintkus, which last was long supposed to have been his true name. The time when he lived is uncertain, though he would seem to have been later than the reign of Alexis I, Comnenus (A.D. 1081-1118). His only published work is Uepl 8iaA.<f/cT«w/ (De Dialectis), frequently printed as an appendix to the earlier Greek lexicons, or in the collections of grammatical treatises. All these earlier editions were made from two or three MSS., and were very defective. But in the last century, Gisbertus Koenius, Greek professor at Franeker, by the collation of fresh MSS., published the work in a more complete form, with a preface and notes, Leyden, 1766, 8vo. An edition by G. H. Schaefer, containing all the matter in Koenius's edition, together with other that was new, appeared at Leipzig in 1811. In this edition is a Commentatio Palaographica by Bast.
X. thomas magister,* a rhetorician and grammarian, flourished about A.D. 1310. He appears to have been a native of Thessalonica, to have lived at the court of Andronicus Palaeologus I., and to have held the offices of marshal (Magister Ojficiorum) and keeper of the archives (Ckar-tophylax); but he afterward retired to a monastery, where he assumed the name of Theodillus, and devoted himself to the study of the ancient Greek authors. His chief work was a Lexicon of Attic Words (Kara a\<pd<" $i)Tov ovop&rwv 'a.ttik&v fK\oyai), compiled from the works of the elder grammarians, but with very little judgment. The work has some value, on account of its containing much from the elder grammarians which would otherwise have been lost. But when he deserts his guides, he often falls into the most serious errors. He wrote also scholia on Pindar, Euripides, and Aristophanes, the remains of which are merged in the collections of ancient scholia, and also lives of those authors, which are prefixed to some of the editions of their works. His other writings consist of letters and orations.
An excellent edition of the Attic Lexicon, with notes by Heinsius, Wolf, and -many
1 Smith, Diet. Biogr., s.w. 2 Id. ib.