The Ancient Library

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iseqq.), appears to have been incorporated in the lexicon of Phothis, of which, when entire, it is estimated to have formed a third part.

The lexicon of Photius was first published, from Continental MSS., by Hermann, Leip­zig, 4to, 1808. It formed the third volume of a set, of which the first and second volumes contained the lexicon ascribed to Zonaras. The edition of Hermann, however, having failed to satisfy the wants" of the learned, an edition from a transcript of the Codex Galeanus, made by Porson, was published after the death of that eminent scholar, Lon­don, 1822, 4to and 8vo.

VII. zonaras joannes ('Wmjs 6 Z«j/ap«s), a celebrated Byzantine his­torian and theologian, lived in the twelfth century, under the emperors Alexis I. Comnenus and Calo-Joannes. Besides his theological works, and his Annales (Xpow/coV), in eighteen books, we have a lexicon entitled "2,way<ay)} Ae|e<w (rv\\€y€i(ra e/c Sia^opwi/ #ij3Aicw, k. r. A. It was published for the first time by Tittmann, Leipzig, 1808, 2 vols. 4to.

VIII. suidas (201/ite),1 a Greek lexicographer, of whom nothing is known. No certain conclusions as to the age of the compiler can be 'de­rived from any passages in the work, since it may have received numer­ous interpolations and additions. Eustathius, who lived during the latter half of the twelfth century of our era, quotes the lexicon of Suidas ; and there are passages in the work referring to Michael Psellus, who lived at the close of the eleventh century. The lexicon of Suidas is a dictionary of words, arranged in alphabetical order, with some few peculiarities of arrangement; but it contains both words which are found in dictionaries of languages, and also names of persons and places, with extracts from ancient Greek writers, grammarians, scholiasts, and lexicographers, and some extracts from later Greek authors. The names of persons compre­hend both persons who are mentioned in sacred and profane history, which shows that if the Work is by one hand, it is by a Christian; but there is no inconsistency in supposing that the original of the lexicon, which now goes under the name of Suidas, is a work of earlier date even than the time of Stephanus of Byzantium, and that it received large ac­cessions from various hands. No well-conceived plan has been the basis of this work; it is incomplete as to the number of articles, and exceed­ingly irregular and unequal in the execution. Some articles are pretty complete, others contain no information at all. As to the"biographical notices, it has been conjectured that Suidas, or the compiler, got them all from one source, which, it is farther supposed, may be the Onomato-logos or Pinax of Hesychius of Miletus, who flourished about A.D. 540. The work of Suidas, though without merit as to its execution, is valuable both for the literary history of antiquity, for the explanation of words, and for the citations from many ancient writers; and a prodigious amount of critical labor has been bestowed upon it. Many emendations have been made on the text by Toup and others.

The first edition of Suidas was by Demetrius Chalcondylas, Milan, 1499, fol., without a Latin version. The second, by the elder Aldus, Venice, 1514, fol., is also without a Latin version: this edition was reprinted by Froben, Basle, 1544, fol., with some cor­rections. The first Latin translation of Suidas was made by Hieron. Wolf, Basle, 1564, 1581, fol. The first edition which contained both the Greek text and a Latin version •was by JEmilms Fortus, Geneva, 1619, 2 vols. fol., and 1630, with a new title. The

1 Smith, Diet. Eiogr.t s. v.

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