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531

ROMAN PERIOD.

cenus (Greek and Latin), Frankfort, 1598, fol., with a copious and learned commentary. The last edition is that by Sprengel (Greek and Latin), 2 vols. 8vo, Leipzig, 1829-30, with a useful commentary, forming the twenty-fifth and twenty-sixth volumes of KUhn's collection of the Greek medical writers.

III. themison (0e,u£<ra>j>),1 the founder of the ancient medical sect of the Methodici, and one of the most eminent physicians of his time, was a na­tive of Laodicea, in Syria. He was a pupil of Asclepiades of Bithynia, already mentioned, and must have lived, therefore, in the first century B.C. He seems to have been a great traveller. He differed from his master on several points in his old age, and became, as already remarked, the founder of a new,sect called the "Methodici," which long exercised an extensive influence on medical science. He .wrote several medical works, of which the titles and a few fragments remain, preserved prin­cipally by Caelius Aurelianus, in a Latin form. He is, perhaps, the first physician who made use of leeches, and he is also said to have been him­self attacked with hydrophobia, and to have recovered.

IV. thessalus (®e<r<rct\<k),2 a native of Tralles, in Lydia, remarkable for his arrogance and effrontery. He lived at Rome in the reign of the Emperor Nero, A.D. 54-68, to whom he addressed one of his works. He was the son of a weaver, and had followed the same employment himself during his youth. This, however, he soon gave up, and, though he had had a very imperfect general education, he embraced the medical profes­sion, by which he acquired, for a time, a great reputation, and amassed a large fortune. He adopted the principles of the Methodici, but modified and developed them so much, that he attributed to himself the invention of them, and, indeed, is always considered one of the founders of the sect. He considered himself superior to all his predecessors, and assert­ed that none of them had contributed any thing to the advancement of medical science, while he boasted that he himself could teach the art of healing in six months. He is frequently mentioned by Galen, but always in terms of contempt and ridicule. None of his works are extant.

V. soranus C2u>pav6s), a native of Ephesus, practiced his profession first at Alexandrea and afterward at Rome, in the reigns of Trajan and Hadrian, A.D. 98-138. He belonged to the sect of the Methodici, and was one of the most eminent physicians of that school. There are several medical works extant under the name of Soranus, but whether they were written by the native of Ephesus can not be determined. One of these, iTfpl ywaiKeiw 7ra0ou>, was first published in Greek in 1838, Konigsberg, 8vo. It was partly prepared for the press by Dietz, and was finished, after his death, by J. F. Lobeck. It is a valuable and interesting work, consisting of one hundred and twenty-two chapters, with a few lines of the one hundred and twenty-third, and the titles of thirty-eight more.3

VI. arjet^eus ('Apercuos), one of the most celebrated of the ancient Greek physicians, of whose life, however, no particulars are known. There is some uncertainty respecting both his age and country, but it seems probable that he practiced in the first century after Christ, in the reign of Nero or Vespasian; and he is generally styled " the Cappado-

1 Greenhill; Smith's Diet. Biogr., s. v. 2 Id. ib. * Id. #.

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