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484 GREEK LITERATURE.

examples taken from the Attic orators, which greatly enhances the clear­ness and utility of the treatise. 3. Tltpl iSe&j/ (De Fortms Oratonis), in two books, treating of the forms of oratorical style, and their subdivis­ions. 4. TLepl peddSov SeivorrjTos (De apto et solerti genere dicendi Metho-dus), forming a sort of appendix to the preceding work, and containing suggestions for the proper application of the rules there laid down. 5. npoyv^do-fjiara, that is, practical instructions in oratory, according to given models. A very convenient abridgment of this work was made by Aphthonius, in consequence of which the original fell into oblivion. But its great reputation in antiquity is attested by the fact, that the learned grammarian Priscian made a Latin translation of it, with some additions of his own, under the title of Prceexercitamenla Rhetorica ex Hermogene. There were some other works of Hermogenes, but they are now lost. All his extant productions bear strong marks of the youthful age of the author; for it is clear that his judgment and his opinions have not yet become settled. He has not the consciousness of a man of long experi­ence, and his style is rather diffuse, but always clear and unaffected. He is moderate in his judgment and censure of other rhetoricians, has a cor­rect appreciation of the merits of the earlier Greek orators, and every where shows symptoms of a most careful study of the ancients. These excellences, which at once place him on a level with the most distin­guished teachers of rhetoric, are reasons enough to make us regret that his brilliant career was cut off so early and so fatally.

The Te'xi'Tj prjTopuo7 is printed in the Rhetores of Aldus, vol. i., p. 1, seqq. It was also edited separately at Paris, 1530 and 1538, 4to, ex off. Wechelii; by Caselius, Rostock, 1583, 8vo ; by Sturm, Strasburg, 1570, with a Latin translation and scholia; by Lauren­tius, Geneva, 1614, 8vo; and by Corales, Venice, 1799, 4to. The extant scholia are printed in Walz's Rhetores Greed, vols. iv., v., vi., and vii. The treatise De Inventions is printed in the Rhetores of Aldus, in the editions of Laurentius, Wechel, and Sturm, but best in Walz's Rhetores Greed, vol. iii. We have also scholia on the work by an anony­mous commentator, in Aldus's Rhetores, vol. ii., p. 352, seqq. The treatise De Formis Oratoriis is given in the editions of Aldus and Laurentius, and separately at Paris. 1531, 4to; and with a Latin translation and notes, by Sturm, Strasburg, 1571, 8vo. The best edition, however, is that in Walz's Rhetores Greed, vol. iii., who has also published the Greek commentaries by Syrianus and Johannes Siceliota, vols. vi. and vii. The treatise De apto et solerti genere dicendi Methodus is printed in the editions of Aldus, Wechel, Laurentius, and Sturm, but best in Walz's Rhetores Greed, vol. iii., who has also pub­lished the Greek commentaries by Gregorius Corinthius, vol. vii. Priscian's Latin ver­sion of the Hpoyvfj.vdcriJ.aTa was for a long time the only edition of the work, until the Greek original was found in a MS. at Turin, from which it was published by Heeren in the Biblioth.fur alte Lit. und Kunst, parts viii. and ix., Gottingen, 1791, and by Ward in the Classical Journal, vols. v.-viii. A separate edition was published by Veesenmeyer, Niirnberg, 1812, 8vo. It is also contained in Krehl's edition of Priscian, vol. ii., p. 419, seqq., but best in Walz's Rhetores Greed, vol. i., p. 9, seqq., who has collated six other MSS. besides the Turin one.

III. aphthonius ('AQQovios'),1 of Antioch, a Greek rhetorician who lived about A.D. 315, but of whose life nothing is known. He is the author of an elementary introduction to the study of rhetoric, and of a number of fables in the style of those of ^Esop. The work on rhetoric was con­structed on the basis of the Progymnasmata of Hermogenes, and became so popular that it was used as the common school-book in this branch of

* Smith, Diet, jftogr., s. y.

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