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482 GREEK LITERATURE.

order, but also a most excellent critic, in the highest and best sense of the term. They abound in the most exquisite remarks and criticisms on the works of the classical writers of Greece, although they are, at the same time, not without their faults, among which we may mention his hypercritical severity. But we have to remember that they were the productions of an early age, in which the want of a sound philosophy and of a comprehensive knowledge, and a partiality for or against certain writers, led him to express opinions which, at a maturer age, he undoubt­edly regretted. The following works of this class are still extant: 1. Tex//7? faropiK'f], Art of Rhetoric. The present condition of this work is by no means calculated to give us a correct idea of its merits, and of his views on the subject of rhetoric. It consists of twelve, or, according to another division, of eleven chapters, which have no internal connection whatever, and have the appearance of being put together merely by ac­cident. The treatise, therefore, is generally looked upon as a collection of rhetorical essays by different authors, some of which are genuine pro­ductions of Dionysius, who is expressly stated by Quintilian to have writ­ten a manual of rhetoric. 2. riepi a-vvOca-eus 3Ovofj.druf (De Compositione Verlorum}, written probably in the first year or years of his residence at Rome, and, at all events, previous to any of the other works still extant. It is, however, notwithstanding this, one of high excellence. In it the author treats of oratorical power, and of the combination of words, ac­cording to the different species and style of oratory. 3. riepi Its proper title appears to have been t>irojiu/r7jucm<rjuoi Trepl rrjs The work, as a whole, is lost, and what we possess under the title of r&v apxaiw Kpfois is probably nothing but a sort of epitome, containing char­acteristics of poets, from Homer down to Euripides ; of some historians, such as Herodotus, Thucydides, Philistus, Xenophon, and Theopompus; and, lastly, of some philosophers and orators. 4. Hcpl t&v apxaiw fardp-wv vTro/xy^cmcr/W, containing criticisms on the most eminent Greek ora­tors and historians. The author points out their excellences as well as defects, with a view to promote a wise imitation of the classic models, and thus to preserve a pure taste in those branches of literature. The work originally consisted of six sections, of which we now possess only the first three, on Lysias, Isocrates, and Isaeus. The other sections treat­ed of Demosthenes, Hyperides, and ^Eschines ; but we have only the first part of the fourth section, which treats of the oratorical power of Demos­thenes, and his superiority over other public speakers. 5. A treatise en­titled *E7rtcrToA.7j Trpbs 'A/XjUcuoi/ irpdTT}, which title, however, does not occur in MSS., and instead of Trpc^, it ought to be called eVio-roX)/ Seurcpa. This treatise or epistle, in which the author shows that most of the orations of Demosthenes had been delivered before Aristotle wrote his Rhetoric, and that, consequently, Demosthenes had derived no instruction from Aristotle, is of great importance for the history and criticism of the works of Demosthenes. 6. 'Emo-ro^fy irpbs Tvouov nojUTnfttbv, written with a view to justify the unfavorable opinion which Dionysius had expressed upon Plato, and which Pompeius had censured. The latter part of this treatise is much mutilated, and did not, perhaps, originally belong to it. 7.

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