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480 GREEK LITERATURE.
the cause of truth. That they were indirectly serviceable to Christianity, can hardly be disputed; but though Lucian is generally just in his representations of the Christians, we may be sure that such a result was as 'far from his wishes as his thoughts.
The Editio Princeps of Lucian was printed at Florence, 1496, fol. The first Aldine appeared at Venice, 1503, fol. This edition, printed from bad MSS., and very incorrect, was somewhat improved in the second Aldine, 1502, fol., but is still inferior to the Florentine. The Aldine, however, served as the basis of subsequent editions till 1615, when Bourdelot published in Paris a Greek and Latin edition in folio, the text corrected from MSS. and the Editio Princeps. This was repeated, with emendations, in the Saumur edition, 1619. Le Clerc's edition, 2 vols. 8vo, Amsterdam, 1687, is very incorrect. In 1730 Hemsterhuis began to print his excellent edition, but dying in 1736, before a quarter of it had been finished, the editorship was assigned to J. F. Reitz, and the book was published at Amsterdam, in 3 vols. 4to, in 1743. In 1746, C. C. Reitz, brother of the editor, printed at Utrecht an Index, or Lexicon Lucianewn, in one volume 4to, which, though extensive, is not complete. The edition of Hemsterhuis, besides his own notes, also contains those of Jensius, Kuster, Bos, Vitringa, Du Soul, Gesner, Reitz, and other commentators. An appendix to the notes of Bemsterhuis, taken from a MS. in the Ley-den library, was published at that place by Geel, 1824, 4to. Hemsterhuis corrected the Latin version for his edition as far as the De Sacrificiis; and of the remainder a new translation was made by Gesner. The reprint by Schmidt, Mittau, 1776-80, 8 vols. 8vo, is incorrect. The Bipont edition, in 10 vols. 8vo, 1789-93, is an accurate and elegant reprint of Hemsterhuis's edition, with the addition of collations of Paris MSS.; but the omission of the Greek index is a drawback to it. A good edition, though disfigured by typographical errors, is that of Lehmann, Leipzig, 1821-31, 9 vols. 8vo. There is also a very good and convenient edition of the text, with a Latin version, by W. Dindorf, forming part of Didot's Bibliotheca Graca, Paris, 1840.
VIII. maximus TvRius,1 a native of Tyre, a Greek sophist and rhetorician, and also a Platonic philosopher, lived during the reigns of the An-tonines and of Commodus. Some writers suppose that he was one of the tutors of M. Aurelius Antoninus; but it is more probable that he was a different person from Claudius Maximus, the Stoic, who was the tutor of that emperor. Maximus Tyrius appears to have spent the greater part of his life in Greece, but he visited Rome once or twice. The time of his death is unknown. There are extant forty-one Dissertations (Aia-A.e£ejs) of Maximus Tyrius, on theological, ethical, and other philosophical subjects, written in an easy and pleasing style, but not characterized by much depth of thought. Heinsius thinks that the author arranged them in ten Tetralogies, or sets of four each, according to the subjects, and in one of his notes he conjecturally gives what he regards as their correct order. The merits of Maximus Tyrius have been variously estimated. Reiske speaks of him as a tedious and affected writer, who degraded the most elevated and important subjects by his trivial and puerile mode of treating them. But Markland, while admitting and blaming the haste and inaccuracy of Maximus, praises his acuteness, ability, and learning.
The Greek text was Ipst printed by H. Stephens, Paris, 1557, 8vo, accompanied, but in a separate volume, by the version of Paccius. The edition of Heinsius, from a MS. in the king's library at Paris, with a new Latin version, and notes by the editor, was printed at Leyden, 1607, 8vo, and again in 1614, and, without the notes, in 1630. It has been reprinted once or twice since then. The first edition of Davies, fellow of Queen's College, Cambridge, with the version of Heinsius, and short notes, was published at Cambridge, 1703, 8vo; the second and more important edition, in which the text was
1 Smith, Diet. Biogr., s. v.