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ROMAN PERIOD. 475

strong, that, on one occasion, in his early life, when he had delivered an oration before the Emperor Hadrian, who was then in Pannonia, he was on the point of throwing himself into the Danube, because his attempt at speaking had been unsuccessful. This failure, however, appears to have proved a stimulus to him, and he became the greatest rhetorician of his century. His success as a teacher is sufficiently attested by the great number of his pupils, most of whom attained some degree of eminence. His own orations, which were delivered extempore and without prepara­tion, are said to have excelled those of all his contemporaries by the dig­nity, fullness, and elegance of their style. Philostratus praises his ora­tory for its pleasing and harmonious flow, as well as for its simplicity and power. The loss of the works of Herodes renders it impossible for us to form an independent opinion. Among his numerous productions, the following only are specified by the ancients : 1. A6joi aiirocrx^ioi, or extemporaneous speeches. 2. AtaAe'£e/s, treatises or dialogues. 3. 'E^-CjOiSes, or diaries. 4. 'ETrio-roXal. All these works are now lost. There exists an oration, irepl TroAtreias, in which the Thebans are called upon to join the Peloponnesians in preparing for war against Archelaus, king of Macedonia, and which has come down to us under the name of Herodes, but its genuineness is very doubtful. It is printed in the collections of the Greek orators, and by Fiorillo in Herodis Attici qua supersunt, Leipzig, 1801.

V. adrianus ('ASpiai/Ss),1 a Greek sophist and rhetorician, born at Tyre, in Phoenicia, and who flourished under the emperors M. Antoninus and Commodus. He was the pupil of the celebrated Herodes Atticus, and obtained the chair of philosophy at Athens during the life-time of his mas­ter. His advancement does not seem to have impaired their mutual re­gard. Herodes declared that the unfinished speeches of his scholar were " the fragments of a Colossus," and Adrianus showed his gratitude by a funeral oration which he pronounced over the ashes of his master. He appears, notwithstanding, to have been a very vain and conceited man. His first lecture commenced with the modest encomium on himself, ira\iv €K qolviktis ypdwaTa, while, in the magnificence of his dress and equipage, he affected the style of the hierophant of philosophy. The visit of An­toninus to Athens made him acquainted with Adrianus, whom he invited to Rome, and honored with his friendship. After the death of that em­peror, he became the private secretary of Commodus. His death took place at Rome, in the eightieth year of his* age, not later than A.D. 192. Of the works attributed to him by Suidas, three declamations only are extant.

The declamations of Adrianus of Tyre have been edited by Leo Allatius, in the Ex-cerpta Varia Grcscorum Sophistarum ac Rhetoricorum, Rome, 1641, and by Walz, in the Rhetores Gr&ci, vol. i., p. 526, seqq., Stuttg., 1832.

VI. aristides, P. ^elius ('Apto-re/o^s),2 surnamed theodorus, one of the most celebrated Greek sophists and rhetoricians of the second cen­ tury after Christ, was born at Adriani, in Mysia, in A.D. 129, according to some, but more correctly, according to others, in A.D. 117. He studied 1 Smith, Diet. Biogr., s. v. 2 Id. ib., s. t>.

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