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ROMAN PERIOD. 463

ment to Xenophon's work on the same subject, and is printed in most editions of Xenophon's works. 4. The History of the Asiatic Expedition of Alexander the Great ('AvdjBaa-is 'AAe£&/5p0v), in seven books, and the most important of Arrian's works. This great work reminds the reader of Xenophon's Anabasis, not only by its title, but also by the ease and clear­ness of the style. It is also of great value for its historical accuracy, being based upon the most trustworthy histories written by the contem­poraries of Alexander, especially those of Ptolemy, son of Lagus, and of Aristobulus, the son of Aristobulus. The work likewise shows that Ar-rian possessed a thorough practical knowledge of military affairs. 5. On India ('Ij/Si/c^, or ra 3Iz/oW), which may be regarded as a continuation of the Anabasis. This work is written in the Ionic dialect, in imitation, probably, of Ctesias, whose work on the same subject Arrian wished to supplant by a more trustworthy and correct account. 6. A Description of a Voyage around the Coasts of the Euxine (ITepiVAovs irovrov Ev£eij>oi/), which had undoubtedly been made by Arrian himself during his government of Cappadocia. This Periplus has come down to us, together with a Peri-plus of the Erythraean, and a Periplus of the Euxine and Palus Maeotis, both of which also bear the name of Arrian, but belong undoubtedly to a later period. 7. A Work on Tactics (A6yos ra/m/co's, or Te'xz/r; ratcriicf)}, of which we possess at present only a fragment. Arrian wrote also numer­ous other works which are now lost. These were principally of an his­torical nature, and composed during the latter part of his life. Among them we may mention, 1. A History of the Successors of Alexander the Great (Ta /nera sA\e£ai'8pov), in ten books, of which an abstract, or, rather, an enumeration of contents, is preserved in Photius. 2. A History of the Parthians (napflt/ca), in seventeen books, the main subject of which was their wars with the Romans, especially under Trajan. 3. A. History of Bithynia (BiOwiKa), in eight books. This work began with the mythical age, and carried the history down to the time when Bithynia became united with the Roman empire, and in it the author mentioned several events connected with his own life. 4. A History of the Alani (JAAaw/c^, or ra. ko.t* 'A\avo6s). He had defeated this people when praefect of Cap­padocia, in A.D. 136.

The Aiarpi/Jal 'ettikt^tow were first printed by Trineavelli, 1535, and afterward, to­gether with the "EyxeipiSiov and Simplicius's commentary, with a Latin translation, by H. Wolf, Basle, 1560. The best editions are in Schweighaeuser's Epictetecs Philosophies Monumenta, vol. iii., and in Coraes' TLapcpya 'E\\7jv. Btj8Ato0., vol. viii. The 'EyxapiSiov was first published in a Latin translation by Politian, Rome, 1493; and 1496, by Berval-dus, at Bologna. The Greek original, with the commentary of Simplicius, appeared first at Venice, 1528, 4to. This edition was soon followed by numerous others. The best among the recent editions are those of Schweighaeuser and Coraes, in the collections above mentioned. The Kvi/TjyercKos is contained in Zeune's Opuscula Minora of Xeno-phon ; in Schneider's edition of Xenophon, vol. vi., best in Sauppe's revision of Schnei-der, vol. vi.; and, as already remarked, in many other editions of Xenophon. The best editions of the Anabasis are by Ellendt, Regimontii, 1832, 2 vols. 8vo; by Kruger, Ber­lin, 1835-48,2 vols. 8vo. The 'IvSi/o? is usually printed at the end of the Anabasis ; sep­arately by Schmieder, Halle, 1798, 8vo. The Peripluses are contained in the collection of the minor works of Arrian by Blancard, Amsterdam, 1683 and 1750, and also in Hudson's Geographi Minores, and in GaiPs and Hoffmann's collections of the minor geographers. The work on Tactics is printed in Blancard's collection. The best and most complete

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