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112 GREEK LITERATURE.
was written in a dialect which was a mixture of the Doric and ^Eolic, and which was spoken at Rhodes, where, or in the adjacent island of Telos, Erinna was bom. She is also called a Lesbian and a Mytilenean, on account of her residence in Lesbos with Sappho.1 There are several epigrams upon Erinna, in which her praise is celebrated, and her untimely death is lamented.2 Three epigrams in the Greek Anthology are ascribed to her,3 of which the first has the genuine air of antiquity, but the other two, addressed to Baucis, seem to be a later fabrication.4
IV. We come next to anacreon ('Am/cpeW), whose poetry may be considered as akin to that of Alcaeus and Sappho, although he was an Ionian, a native of Teos, and his genius had an entirely different tone and bent. The accounts of his life are meagre and confused, but he seems to have spent his youth in his native city, and to have removed with the great body of the inhabitants to Abdera, in Thrace, when Teos was taken by Harpagus, the general of Cyrus, about B.C. 540.5 If this statement be true, Anacreon can not have remained long at Abdera, for it was about this same time that Polycrates became tyrant of Samos; and it is said that Anacreon was invited from Teos, by the father of Polycrates, at the request of the latter, and before he became tyrant, to be his instructor and friend. Hence the account of his emigration to Abdera is rejected by some critics. Anacreon remained in Samos till after, or, at least, till shortly before the murder of his friend and patron, in B.C. 522. He then went to Athens, on the invitation of the tyrant Hipparchus,6 where he became acquainted with Simonides and other poets. After the death of Hipparchus in B.C. 514, Anacreon appears to have returned to Teos. He died at the age of 85, probably about B.C. 478, but the place of his death is uncertain. Simonides wrote two epitaphs upon him, the second of which appears to say clearly that he was buried at Teos, but there is also a tradition that, after his return to Teos, he fled a second time to Abdera, in consequence of the revolt of Histiseus. This tradition, however, very probably arose from a confusion with the original emigration of the Teians to Abdera.7
The death of Anacreon is said to have been occasioned by a dried grape, which choked him, an account, however, which looks too like a poetical fiction. The statement that he was a lover of Sappho is, if not impossible, at least in the highest degree improbable, and arose from the practice, so common among writers of antiquity, of placing persons of the same character in some sort of relation to each other. His native town, proud of the poet, placed sometimes his full figure, sometimes his bust only, on its coins, some of-which are still extant.
As a man, Anacreon has often been viewed in a false light, both in the later periods of antiquity and in modern times, being regarded, in fact, as a most consummate voluptuary. The ancients, however, considered his
'• Suidas, s. v.; Eustath. ad. II, ii., 726, p. 326.
2 Brunck, Anal., vol. i., p. 241, n. 81 ; p. 218, n. 35 ; vol. ii., p. 19, n. 47, &c.
3 Id.ib., p. 58; Jacobs, vol. i., p. 50. 4 Smith, Diet. Biogr., s. v. 5 Strdb., xiv., p. 638; Herod., iii., 121. ° Plat., Hipparch., p. 228. 7 Smith, Diet. Biogr., s. v.