Scanned text contains errors.
POETICAL PERIOD. 83
old Anthologies, as a basis, with the addition of other epigrams. He appears to have extracted in turn from Meleager, Philip, Agathias, &c., those epigrams which suited his purpose, and his work often exhibits traces of the alphabetical order of the Garland of Meleager. With respect to arrangement, he seems to have taken the kvk\os of Agathias as a foundation, for both works are alike in the division of their subjects, and in the titles prefixed to the epigrams. The order of the books, however, is different, and one book of Agathias, namely, the descriptions of works of art, is altogether omitted by Cephalas. It is also to be observed that the Palatine Anthology contains ancient epigrams which had not appeared in any of the preceding Anthologies, but had been preserved in some other way.
VIII. Last in order is the Anthology of planudes, a learned monk of the last age of the Greek empire. It is arranged in seven books, each of which, except the fifth and seventh, is divided into chapters, according to subjects, and these chapters are arranged in alphabetical order. The chapters of the first book, for example, run thus : 1. Els 'Aywas. 2. Els a/jLTre\ov. 3. Els ou/afl^aTa, and so on, to 91. Els ttpas. According to Brunck and Jacobs, Planudes did little more than abridge and rearrange the Anthology of Cephalas. Only a few epigrams are found in the Planu-dean Anthology which are not in the Palatine. From the time of its first publication at the end of the fifteenth century, down to the discovery of the Palatine Anthology in the seventeenth, the Planudean Anthology was esteemed one of the greatest treasures of antiquity, and was known under the name of the Greek Anthology. Planudes, however, was but ill qualified for the duties of editor of such a work. Devoid of true poetical taste, he brought to his task the conceit and rashness of a mere literatus. The discovery of the Palatine Anthology soon taught scholars how much they had over-estimated the worth of the Anthology of Planudes. On comparing the two collections, it is manifest that Planudes was not only guilty of the necessary carelessness of a mere compiler, but also of the willful faults of a conceited monk, tampering with words, " expurgating" whole couplets and epigrams, and interpolating his own frigid verses. He reaped the reward which often crowns the labors of bad editors who undertake great works. The pretensions of his compilation insured its general acceptance, and prevented not only the execution of a better work, which in that age could scarcely be hoped for, but, what .was far more important, the multiplication of copies of the more ancient Anthologies ; and thus modern scholars are reduced to one MS. of the Anthology of Cephalas, which, excellent as it is, leaves many hopeless difficulties for the critic.
IX. The last and most perfect of the editions of the Planudean Anthology is that which was commenced by Hieronymus de Bosch, and finished after his death by Van Lennep, in 5 vols., 4to, Ultraj., 1795-1822. This splendid edition is not only useful for those who wish to read the Greek Anthology in the form in which it was compiled by Planudes, but it is valuable on account of the large mass of illustrative matter which it contains, including the notes of Huet, Sylburg, and other scholars; but above all for the metrical Latin versions of Grotius, which are esteemed by far the