The Ancient Library

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was an altar of Pheme, and sacrifices were offered to her as a goddess.1 Aristides the Rhetorician mentions the altars of K\i)Sa>v.2 On a stone found in Tusculum is the inscription 4>HMm I 6Y*rreAcoi.3 In the third century b.c. we know of priests of Zeus Phemios and Athena Phemia in Erythrai.4 And then there are the cult titles connected with o>$»7, a word which, in late times at any rate, was assimilated to K\i)8(ov.5 Zeus Panomphaios of Iliad viii. 250 was understood by Aristarchos as equivalent to Zeus K\i)86vio<;,6 and Eustathius, commenting on the <f>r)/j,rj of the women at the mill, concludes :

a\\<»? 8e Bta to trav repas avdyeirffai el<; eicelvov, Ka9a icai Traaav o^tjv. Bib ical iravofJL.<f>ato<; eXeyero Zeu?.7

Usener connects the personification ' of Empedokles with the familiar Homeric

But in considering these cult titles

Henri Weil, 1898, M. Holleaux has shown reason to believe that Apollo Spodios is identical with Apollo Ismenios.

1 Pausanias i. 17. I ; Frazer, Pausanias, ii. p. 144 ; Aischines i. 128, ii. 145.

2 Aristides, Or. xl. 507 (ed. Dindorf, vol. i. p. 754).

3 Welcker, Rhein. Mus. ii. (1843), p. 443 ; C.I.G. iii. 59736.

4 Dittenberger, Sylloge, ii. 600 a, 1. 26 ; cf. Zeus Euphemios, Hesy-chios, s.vv. Ei)0d(uios and Ei5^V°s-

5 E.g. Cornutus 32, discussing the omphalos, dXV airli rf/s avadiSo-(it^ijs (v avrif i(uj>TJs iJTit (arl Bela. ^uci).

6 Usener, op. cit. p. 267 ; Zeus Panomphaios in Simonides, Fr. 146. 2 ; Ovid, Met. xi. 198. ' Eustathius, Od. xx. 100, 1885.

8 Usener, he. cit. ; Cornutus 17 ; Iliad xx. 129, 6ewv iK jreiVerai 6fj.(j>T]S ; Odyssey iii. 215, xvi. 96, tTrtffirttficvot Qeou

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