The Ancient Library

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man was bewitched or not."1 I have heard of its survival as a family pastime in Germany and Scotland. In these and analogous rites much must have turned on the simple fact that the bowl of water is a convenient ritual instrument, and we find it used as such in the drawing of lots. In the Casino, of Plautus, for example, the lots representative of the rivals are put into a bowl of water and drawn by a third party.2 A method exactly similar was in use at Kirkby Ravensworth in Yorkshire, to choose the wardens of the Kirkby Hill Hospital.3 Something analogous is the story of the parti­tion of the Peloponnese. " Temenus took a pitcher with water in it, and dropped into it the lots of Cresphontes and the sons of Aristo-demus, an agreement having been made that they whose lot came up first would have the first choice of land. Temenus made both the lots, but the lot of the sons of Aristodemus he made of earth dried in the sun, and the lot of Cresphontes he made of earth baked in the fire. So the lot of the sons of Aristodemus was dis­solved in the water, and, the lot thus falling on Cresphontes, he chose Messenia."4

1 Reginald Scot, Discoverie of Witchcraft, 12th Booke, xviii. p. 199.

2 Plautus, Casino, ii. 295 ff.

3 Gutch, County Folklore, ii. N. Riding, etc. p. 360.

4 Pausanias iv. 3. 5 (trans. Frazer) ; cf. Apollodoros ii. 8. 4, where

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