The Ancient Library

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Delphi, Argos, Aigina, territorial disputes of Poseidon with other deities are recorded in legend.1 We hear of his surrendering oracular Delos to the mother of Apollo,2 and tradition asserts that at one time he gave oracles at Delphi, where, according to Musaeus' Eumolpia, he shared the ownership of the prophetic shrine with Earth.3 But apart from these associations with Delos and Delphi, and the existence of a Poseidon in Thurii with the cult title IIpo(£az>To?,4 the god of waters does not seem directly connected with divination.

There is one possible oracle of the horse Poseidon, of which an account is given in the very difficult description of the rites of Onchestos.5 M. Bouche Leclerq connected the practice at this sanctuary with the divine

1 Plutarch, Quaest. Conviv. ix. 6, 741 A; Pausanias i. 26. 5, ii. 15. 5, ii. 33. 2, ii. I. 6 ; Strabo viii. 373 ; Paus. ii. 30. 6 ; Servius, Aen. iv. 377.

2 Strabo, loc. cit. ; Vergil, Aeneid iii. 73. An oracle, quoted by Strabo (loc. cit. from Ephoros) and Pausanias ii. 33. 2, runs— " "Tis as good to dwell at Delos and Calauria As at holy Pytho and windy Taenarum."

3 Pausanias x. 5. 6 ; cf. Aischylos, Eumenides 27—

ITXaa"rou re Tracts Kal Iloo'etSaJi'os Kpdros Ka\ovca Kal r(\euiv S^iffTOf A(a &retra fj.iivTts £s Gpbvovs Ka#tfapw.

Poseidon was the father of Delphos and Parnassos, Paus. x. 6. I ; Schol.

Lykophr. 208 ; Pliny, N.H. vii. 56. 203 ; Steph. Byz. s.v. ~napvaa(r6s.

See further Farnell, Cults, iv. p. 77, R 33.

4 Schol. Lykophr. 522.

6 Horn. Hymn Ap. Pyth. 51. For a discussion of the passage see Farnell, Cults, iv. p. 16.

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