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AT SACRED SPRINGS 119
Dionysos smote the earth with his wand,1 Atalanta planted her spear,2 or the Maid lifted a stone3; Poseidon's trident,4 Herakles' club,5 the strong tread of heroes,6 or the animal who guides the settler to the destined site,7 summon water-springs from the earth.
And the "swallows," /carafiodpa as they are called in modern Greek, through which even large rivers disappear, sometimes for good, sometimes to reappear, are certainly remarkable enough to excite reverence. "It goes," as an Anatolian peasant said to me of one of them, "to the Lower World " (irast, 'arov Kara Koa-fjLov). For the loves of Alpheios and Arethusa are suggested by real phenomena, and classical geographers are arguing from facts familiar to
Met. v. 255; Strabo viii. 379, 410); Kastalia (Bode, Mythog. i. 130, ii. 112); in Troizen, Paus. ii. 31. 9. For parallels in folklore see Frazer, Paus. iii. p. 32 ; a Manx Hippokrene, Folklore, v. p. 221 ; cf. Grimm, Kinder- und Hausmdrchen, 107.
1 Kyparissiai in Messenia, Paus. iv. 36. 7.
2 Kyphante in Lakonia, Paus. iii. 24. 2.
3 Herkyna at Lebadea. The curious story of the fugitive goose, Paus. ix. 39. 2.
4 Amymone in Argolis, Eur. Phoinissai 186-189; Lukian, Dial. Marin. 6. 3 ; cf. Salt Well on the Akropolis.
5 rek Xourpd rd 'HpeucWous in Dryopis, Anton. Lib. iv.
6 In Kos, XdXicuxos, Boripixax Ss ^<c TroSis Sxue Kpavav (Theokrit. vii. 6). Similarly Achilles in the Troad, Lykophr. 245 ; Schol. Eur. Androm. 1139. The Ismenos was once called K.&5/MV 7roi)s, Pseud. Plut. Defluv. 2. I. Cf. Sir John Mandeville, vii. p. 34.
7 Bukerais at Plataia was made by the horn of the cow which guided Polybos, Et. Mag. 207. 42.