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AT SACRED SPRINGS 119

Dionysos smote the earth with his wand,1 Atalanta planted her spear,2 or the Maid lifted a stone3; Poseidon's trident,4 Herakles' club,5 the strong tread of heroes,6 or the animal who guides the settler to the destined site,7 summon water-springs from the earth.

And the "swallows," /carafiodpa as they are called in modern Greek, through which even large rivers disappear, sometimes for good, sometimes to reappear, are certainly remark­able enough to excite reverence. "It goes," as an Anatolian peasant said to me of one of them, "to the Lower World " (irast, 'arov Kara Koa-fjLov). For the loves of Alpheios and Arethusa are suggested by real phenomena, and classical geographers are arguing from facts familiar to

Met. v. 255; Strabo viii. 379, 410); Kastalia (Bode, Mythog. i. 130, ii. 112); in Troizen, Paus. ii. 31. 9. For parallels in folklore see Frazer, Paus. iii. p. 32 ; a Manx Hippokrene, Folklore, v. p. 221 ; cf. Grimm, Kinder- und Hausmdrchen, 107.

1 Kyparissiai in Messenia, Paus. iv. 36. 7.

2 Kyphante in Lakonia, Paus. iii. 24. 2.

3 Herkyna at Lebadea. The curious story of the fugitive goose, Paus. ix. 39. 2.

4 Amymone in Argolis, Eur. Phoinissai 186-189; Lukian, Dial. Marin. 6. 3 ; cf. Salt Well on the Akropolis.

5 rek Xourpd rd 'HpeucWous in Dryopis, Anton. Lib. iv.

6 In Kos, XdXicuxos, Boripixax Ss ^<c TroSis Sxue Kpavav (Theokrit. vii. 6). Similarly Achilles in the Troad, Lykophr. 245 ; Schol. Eur. Androm. 1139. The Ismenos was once called K.&5/MV 7roi)s, Pseud. Plut. Defluv. 2. I. Cf. Sir John Mandeville, vii. p. 34.

7 Bukerais at Plataia was made by the horn of the cow which guided Polybos, Et. Mag. 207. 42.

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