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n8 GREEK DIVINATION chap.

peculiar to the geological formation of the country. The drought of Greek lands, where all but a very few rivers dry up in summer, naturally makes water a divine thing.1 Of the difficulty and importance of getting water, par­ticularly in the Argolis, Greek legend is full;2 and the way in which, in a volcanic country, streams spring suddenly from the rock, and large rivers sink below the earth to reappear after flowing perhaps a considerable distance underground, is calculated to impress the observer with superstitious awe. To-day the wellings from the rock, often periodic in their appearance, are most of them dyida-/j,aTa, miraculous waters attached to some saint and his church. Small wonder if antiquity ascribed to them a magical origin.

Here the hoof of Pegasos cleft the rock,3

1 For the influence of lack of water on conceptions of Paradise ancient and modern, and on funeral rites, see Lawson, op. cit. pp. 520-521, and the Arabic parallel, Golziher, Archivf. rel. Wiss., 1910, pp. 20-27.

2 The spring on Akro-Korinth was extorted by Sisyphos from Asopos, Paus. ii. 5. I ; cf. Lawson, op. cit. p. 117. Pyrrhichos in Lakonia was given by Silenos, Paus. iii. 25. 3. Phliasian Asopos was called after its discoverer, Paus. ii. 12. 4 ; cf. Adrasteia at Nemea, Paus. ii. 15. 3, and the 'Hpd/c\«os Kpi^ij at Troizen, Paus. ii. 32. 4. AvvSpav ibr Aavaai 0{<rai>"Apyos tvvSpov, Strabo viii. 6. 8, 371. One of Aga­memnon's services to mankind was the digging of wells, Hesychios, s.v. 'Aya/ie/ja>i>via, <t>pta.Ta. In North Africa the discovery of springs is similarly the work of saints, Doutte, op. cit. p. 305.

3 Hippokrene in Boeotia (Paus. ix. 31. 3 ; Hesioil, Theog. 6 ; Ovid,

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