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ch.iv DIVINATION AND MAGIC 41
bring into the world." l It is difficult to say whether the mock christening determines or merely foretells the sex of the child. Again, those magic ceremonies like that of the Vedda shaman who, possessed by the Yaka, makes good hunting for his people by enacting the tracking of game and prophesying success in hunting sambur? are on the borderland between Magic and Divination. Speaking of the Hebrews, Mr. Davies remarks : " Indeed, divination is hardly the right word to use for what is so called at this stage, since it is really magic applied to future events. The future is not so much foretold as made or constituted by the art of the magician."3 In the case of Balaam the blessing is clearly magical, and in the story of Ahab's consultation with the prophets it is hard to distinguish the divination from more positive magic. " Zedekiah,
f Ritson, Fairy Tales, No. xxii., quoting Waldron, History of the hie of Man, p. 63.
2 Seligmann, The Veddas, pp. 230-247. The two following excellent instances of the narrow borderland between magic and divination I owe to Miss Freire Marreco : Burrows, J.A.I. N.S. i. p. 43 ; Tylor, Early History of Mankind, p. 118. It would not be difficult to multiply examples.
3 Witton Davies, Magic, Demonology, and Witchcraft among the Hebrews, p. 4 ; cf. ib. p. 33. " Goldziher has shown that among the Arabs as among the Jews the magical word of blessing and of cursing played a prominent part in war ; the poet by cursing the enemy rendered a service not second to that of the warrior himself. The word uttered was, in fact, a potent fetish."