The Ancient Library

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or power. But it is very important to note that neither in the mind of the worker of the magic nor in that of the victim of the spell is this distinction realised. In practice the mode of expression, the act of expressing, and the emotion expressed form a complex and un-analysed whole.

It is, further, quite a natural and instinctive impulse which demands that the more difficult and impressive the magic, the more distinctive and impressive must be the modes of expression. We are not surprised to learn from Spencer and Gillen that in dealing with illness "in serious cases the action is more dramatic and the medicine-man needs a clear space in which to perform."1 When Clerk Saunders' ghost demands back its troth, Margaret does not verbally return it. Such an occasion needs a befitting procedure.

Then she has taen a crystal wand, And she has stroken her trotyl thereon : She has given it him out at the shot window Wi' many a sad sigh and heavy groan.

Any great occasion tends to gather ritual round it. For example, touching for the king's evil demands no ritual to give it efficacy beyond the contact of the sick man with the person in

1 Spencer and Gillen, op. cit, p. 531.

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