The Ancient Library

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ii MAGIC 13

After that I could do nothing, and my kin went from my bag, I don't know where. I have slept under the tree where I left it, thinking my power might come back, but I have never found the kin, nor can I dream any more of it."1 Indeed it will be found that everywhere a magical action, in its simplest form a mere act of volition on the part of a person with power,2 finds its goal through the possession of mana by the agent or by the

1 Howitt, J. A. I. xvi. p. 52. For the sources of power of Australian medicine-men see further Howitt, Native Tribes of South-East Australia, pp. 404-413; Spencer and Gillen, The Native Tribes of Central Australia, pp. 522-529; MM. Hubert et Mauss, L 'Originf des Pouvoirs magiques dans Its Societis Australiennes, republished in 1909 in Melanges (fHistoire des Religions, p. 131 foil. For instances of the source of the magician's powers in other parts of the world, see Hartland's Address to the British Association, 1906, p. n foil. In the Trobriands, "sorcery, devil-working, whatever name you like to give it and whatsoever form it takes, means and implies 'the power of making dead,'" Papua Reports, 1907, p. 65. In Melanesia the wizard is a man who is saka, i.e. possessed of mana, Codrington, The Melanesians, p. 190. The shaman of the Cherokees is at/a we/it, " the word used to designate one supposed to have supernatural powers and applied alike to human beings and to the spirits in­voked in the formulas," Mooney, " Sacred Formulas of the Cherokee," A.R.A.B.E, vii. p. 346. Instances might be multiplied indefinitely.

2 Thus in Germany the Alp can be sent against an enemy by a simple act of volition, Grimm, ap. Croker, Fairy Legends, iii. p. 124. The German word used for casting a spell is verwiinschen. So in Grimm, Kinder- und Hausmarchen, No. 97, " Das kleine Mannchen aber war zornig geworden und hatte einen bosen Wunsch getan." Similarly among the Takelma "a powerful shaman might also reach his victim by merely ' wishing' him ill or (mentally) ' poisoning' him," Sapir, " Religious Ideas of the Takelma Indians," Journal of American Folklore, xx. p. 41.

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