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4 GREEK DIVINATION chap.
that the old spectacles prove to be misleading.
When M. Bouche Leclerq wrote his great
work on classical divination, the point of view
from which the scholar started was that of
regarding the Greek as springing upon the
world full armed, like Athena from the head
of Zeus, reason incarnate. Certain forms of
divination he invented on quasi - inductive
grounds, other methods he adopted wholesale
from alien civilisations, and in particular all
ideas and practices connected with inspiration
were to be of foreign importation.1 To-day it
is impossible to work thus with the antithesis
of rational Greece and the emotional Orient.
The problems of origin and development have
assumed a new importance, as we have learned
how near lay Hellenic civilisation to the bar-
barism from which it emerged triumphant.
And to recognise in the Greek a man of like
passions with the rest of humanity is to
appreciate, not to detract from, the splendour
of his achievement.
It is, I believe, essential to the understanding of Greek religion to recognise the importance of what may be termed the " pre-Olympian "
1 Bouche Leclerq, Histoire de la Divination dans iii. p. 88 ; Rohde, Psyche, 2, pp. 56-61. Dr. Farnell rightly protests against such a point of view, Cults of the Greek States, iv. pp. 190-191.